The Russian-Ukrainian War six months later.

Situation.

Everywhere we get news of:

Missiles carrier ships, corvette, frigate, destroyer, light cruiser type, of the Russian Black Sea Fleet, sunk from the ground by Ukrainian guided missiles.

Moskvá (2000) - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre
Black Sea Fleet flagship «Moskva», sunk at beginning of the war.

Groups of Russian tanks, interspersed with fuel or ammunition logistics vehicles and infantry fighting vehicles, (where is their marching column or attack deployment or their security against the enemy?), that roam the combat zone erratically and disjointed.

Así es el T-90M, la joya de los tanques rusos también cae en Ucrania:  misiles a 10 km y armadura reactiva
Russian Main Battle Tank T-90

And that are destroyed by the Ukrainians, using personal anti-tank rocket launchers and artillery with very modern fire direction, of American or European manufacture. German 155mm self-propelled guns are especially good. Their entire direction of fire is automatic and the Ukrainians did not get used to it well.

Russian planes and helicopters are shot down by Ukrainian anti-aircraft positions on the ground, fixed or mobile, including personal manned.

🥇 Avión Sukhoi Su-57 (T-50 PAK FA) -【AvionesdeCombate.org】
Russian Fighter Sukhoi SU-57, but not shipped to Ukraine.

Putin continuously threatens his potential enemies, in short, the liberal West, with intercontinental ballistic missiles of hypersonic speeds and each carrying several warheads. They separate in the last phase of flight towards the target area, from the carrier missile.

They are the MIRV or multiple independent reentry vehicles.

Putin, de emperador romano

With all the hilarious and ineffective «destructive defensive potential» (DDP) of its weapons of ultramodern technology and extremely poor results. Why doesn’t Putin establish a modern, effective, Motivated and smaller army? Following the fashion of the Israeli army, as example, and of dimensions according to Russia’s own needs.

And, he abandons his echelons and his massive advance and attack tips. Where its deployment hinders itself. To move and to attack or retreat with agility, precision and effectiveness.

Results.

According to a summary of prestigious foreign journalistic media (The Economist, Forbes, The Washington Post) and the newspaper El Mundo, the Confirmed Casualties in this conflict by August 24 would be:

Tanks

Ukrainians 240

Russians 967

Aircraft and helicopters

Ukrainians 74

Russians 213

Ships of all kinds

Ukrainians 19

Russians 11

That number of Russian tanks would be the equipment of four tank divisions or five or six mechanized or motorized divisions, according to nomenclature, with their full order of battle. Also, in its war in Afghanistan, the USSR lost 147 tanks. And, furthermore, the number of Russian tanks lost so far is higher than the active tanks of Germany, France and the United Kingdom, combined.

If Russia cannot deal with Ukraine, which is much weaker militarily, how is it going to deal with a certain probability of success with the USA or the UK or France?

Promising Background.

Mijaíl Tujachevski – Edad, Muerte, Cumpleaños, Biografía, Hechos y Más –  Muertes Famosos del 12 junio - CalendarZ
Mikhail Tujachevski

Russia, formerly the USSR, was in the years 22 to 37 of the last century, an advanced power in military philosophy or «modern theory of military art and science«. Marshal Mikhail Tujachevski, Lieutenant General Vladimir R. Triandafillov and Brigadier Georgy S. Isserson shone there with their own light… with their teams of auxiliaries and collaborators. All scholars and advanced in the theory of the Deep Maneuver in the enemy tactical, operational and, even, strategic rearguard of modern armies.

Georgii Isserson (1898–1976) | Weapons and Warfare
Georgy S. Isserson

Which I believe was more solidly reasoned and argued than the German mechanized warfare theory. Which was more like “practical”.

Germany, with excellent commanders and officers, cadres (unparalleled in the world) and soldiers, some of the best in the world; and, for the moment, in 1939, all highly trained and motivated.

By the way, they call Blitzkrieg the German way of fighting. Name given by a journalist. And people think it’s because of the speed of their maneuvers.

Триандафиллов, Владимир Кириакович — Википедия
Vladimir R. Triandafillov

But, the specialists called it blitzkrieg, because of the continuous changes of direction of the tactical movements of the main forces. Following the weakest or least protected points or positions of the enemy. Changes tracing the paths of the beam on the surface of the combat area.

Only Triandafillov died peacefully and recognized, in 1931. Isserson was in jail when the Great Purge and his merits or contributions were not recognized. Tukhachevsky was shot in the 1937 great purge of the Workers’ and Peasants’ Red Army. To eliminate the military cadres that could overshadow the power of the Party, the excuse (or Stalin).

This sterilized the creativity and freshness of the surviving military commanders. Surveillance and denunciation among peers increased. The military ideas and concepts of those purged acquired their infamy and vituperation; this was fatal for the USSR and its military forces 4 years later in a foreign invasion. The commands and officers only cared about carrying out the orders without errors; so as not to be victims of purges or dismissals or transfers; which leads in war to not doing anything effective, forceful or decisive.

And it led the Army to assume the old doctrines of the Russian Civil War against the White armies. When the mechanization of the forces was still a desideratum, the Red army logistics used to survive the dispossession of the trodden territory, the sole command of the military chief was shared with the political commissar in the unit and the Red armies were hordes.

And this is how the USSR faced the German invasion of June 22, 1941, without able and trained senior officers, officers and non-commissioned officers and without adequate doctrine.

Are we now in a similar Stage or Phase of Decline in Putin‘s Russian Army, which has more than a million people enrolled at arms?

Russian Battalion Mobile Groups

Introduction.

The new Russian tactical mobile groups respond to the new Russian military theories, notably of General Valeri Gerasimov, Chief of Staff of the Russian Armed Forces, of the modern hybrid war. These groups would be Russia’s response in the conventional military field, to intervene directly in the regular fighting.

Valeri Guerásimov - Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre
General Valeri Gerasimov

The «hard cores» of these modern Russian units are their «combined arms units«. That are perfectly coordinated to act in each different situation, employing and maintaining a «mix» of small units of different weapons or branches in each case.

They consist of a medium tank battalion with 40 vehicles, a 500-strong mechanized or motorized infantry battalion and a towed mixed artillery group. Receiving the organic support of an engineering company, a mechanized exploration company, a medium and heavy anti-tank company and a service, logistics and healthcare company.

Operational tactic.

Each mobile group or semi brigade is called to act on 1 to 2 Km of favorable «fighting interface» over the enemy. Depending on enemy conditions and intentions, the transitability or ongoing of the terrain and the mission itself received and the intention of the superior command. The width of the sector and the proper deployment would be established by the command of the group, according to the appreciated conditions of the «micro-terrain» of fighting and its mission.

Rusia concentra alrededor de 52 grupos tácticos de batallones cerca de la  frontera con Ucrania
More than 75 Russian battalion tactical groups were deployed at Ukraine frontier.

These ideas and methods eliminate and overcome the old rigidities that were established to the deployments of their small units from the highest level of command.

A corollary mission and consequence of this fighting form is the maintenance and permanent use of liaison and coordination with neighboring units. To react quickly with the changes of the «general situation» and the «situation of the enemy» and the opportunities that arise for the two rivals.

Battalion groups operate by widely breaking up a large sector of the enemy front. They are a perfection of the former Soviet attacks of shock forces (with abundant artillery and aviation) on an enemy defensive sector. And they called their immediate breaking forces, «advanced detachments«.

Battalion groups act on the modern terrain of fighting, probing and creating and taking advantage of «gaps» in enemy defense. Thus, these units better utilize the breaking forces of the first level of attack. Both systems of fight could be compared with the agile and maneuverable Roman maniples and the heavy Greek phalanges. Which fought only on open ground, and whose shock effort was made by the first rows of hoplites.

At the level of the motorized division the «conceptualization» of the battle will be created. To advance and fight in a «fighting interface» with the enemy 3 to 6 km wide. Where the mobile battalion groups of the division will operate in two or three echelons, including the reserve.

Rusia amenaza a Ucrania con maniobras navales y aéreas
Russian forces marching to their advance concentration area.

Division is the immediate and essential «repository» of «support and services». And, under its command are also its tactical reserves. That will distribute to the battalion groups as it sees fit, according to the development of the fighting of its «attack spears«. To be formed in all its sector or strip of action a «center of gravity» of the whole division effort. Seeking the «economic fulfillment» of their plans: adequate, timely, without waste.

Operational Strategy.

At the next level are the «mobile maneuver groups«, located at the assault echelon. And to be inserted after the breakthrouh, the main directions of exploitation of the enemy tactical and operational rear are outlined.

These directions of advance and combat will be better defined in function of the operational and strategic objectives already defined, of the advanced results of the intelligence and the immediate ones of the own tactical exploration and of the existing operational situation.

Cold War Gamer: July 2015

The «mobile maneuver groups» are composed of several mechanized and motorized divisions with the necessary supports. They will advance in their sector following a couple of parallel directions. To extend the «influence» or affectation and commotion of the enemy with its «passage and threat«. And to increase his uncertainty about the immediate intentions of the attacker.

The «influence» is exercised by the «mobile group» according to its possible distance of arrival with sufficient forces to the sensitive points of the enemy in its rear. The «mobile maneuver groups» prop up and secure their advance sector by carrying out lateral attacks from the sector towards secondary targets close to it.